Dexedrine Addiction: Signs, Symptoms & Treatment
- 1 Dexedrine Addiction: Signs, Symptoms & Treatment
- 2 What is Dexedrine?
- 3 What is Dexedrine Used For?
- 4 Dextroamphetamine Abuse
- 5 Dexamphetamine Recreational Use
- 6 How Long Does Dexedrine Stay in Your System?
- 7 Short-Term Effects of Dexedrine
- 8 Long-Term Effects of Dexedrine
- 9 Dexedrine vs. Adderall
- 10 Dexedrine Addiction Side Effects in Adults
- 11 Dexedrine Addiction Side Effects Depression
- 12 Dexedrine Addiction – Get Help Today
Dexedrine is a potent drug with a high risk of abuse and addiction. The Food and Drug Administration or FDA first approved this medicine in 1975. It is manufactured by Amedra Pharmaceuticals, LLC and is also known by other brand names including Dexedrine Spansules, ProCentra, Dextrostat, Zenzedi or Liquadd.
What is Dexedrine?
Dexedrine is the official brand term for dextroamphetamine, a powerful central nervous system (CNS) stimulant. The drug is often prescribed for the treatment of narcolepsy and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It promotes calmness and focus in patients with ADHD and wakefulness and energy in people with sleep disorders.
The Controlled Substance Act lists Dexedrine as a Schedule II medicine, meaning it offers a recognized medial benefit but also has a high possibility of misuse and addiction. It comes as a pill that should be taken orally.
What is Dexedrine Used For?
The primary use of Dexedrine is to treat ADHD. The drug works by altering the amount of natural chemicals in the brain in order to help boost the patient’s ability to remain alert, control behavior problems, and stay focused. The drug can also be used to help people recognize their tasks and improve their listening skills.
The other major use of Dexedrine is to treat narcolepsy, a sleeping disorder, in order to help patients stay awake and focused during the day. Some people abuse dextroamphetamine by using it to hold off sleep or treating tiredness, yet they do not suffer from any sleeping disorders.
Dexedrine is a Schedule II drug that carries a high potential of misuse, abuse, and addiction. Dexedrine abuse is common due to its ability to provide desired feelings including:
- Feelings of euphoria
- Increased alertness
- Increased energy
- Suppressed appetite
- Heightened focus
Dexedrine addiction arises when people try alternate ways of administration, such as crushing and injecting or snorting it, or taking it in excess amounts with the aim of eliciting more intense and rapid effects. Abusing this drug has the possibility of causing serious mental and physical health symptoms such as cardiovascular failure and paranoia.
According to a 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health study, at least 1.6 million American of age 12 and above were non-medically taking or using psychotherapeutic medicines, which included stimulants such as Dexedrine.
Dexamphetamine Recreational Use
Non-prescription use of Dexedrine has been reported for social aid, study aid, and recreational drug. As a recreational substance, Dexamphetamine is abused for its euphoric and stimulant effect which provides a high similar to that of cocaine or other amphetamines. In 2004, the National Institute on Drug Abuse reported that Dexedrine is especially abused as a stimulant by college students.
How Long Does Dexedrine Stay in Your System?
The length of time dextroamphetamine remains in the body usually varies from days to months. The duration depends on the user’s body mass, hydration level, age, metabolism, health condition, and physical activity. In general, the drug remains in saliva, urine, and blood for about 2 days. Traces of this drug can be detected in hair roots for up to 3 months.
Short-Term Effects of Dexedrine
Short-term side effects of Dexedrine arises because of the drug’s capability to interrelate with monoamines, a group of neurotransmitters in the brain, which includes dopamine (a pleasure providing neurotransmitter that is related to motivation, emotion, and movement), serotonin (a mood changing and regulating neurotransmitter of the wake/sleep cycle), and norepinephrine (a neurotransmitter and hormone associated with blood pressure, muscle response, focus, and heart rate).
With these neurotransmitters, Dextroamphetamine produces a wide range of short-term effects including:
- Increased self-esteem
- Increased energy
- Higher alertness
- Improved attention
- More social and family interactions
- Better decision-making skills
People abusing Dexedrine might wish to experience the short-term effect but at a high level. For instance, students might misuse this drug in order to complete their projects efficiently and quickly without needing to break for sleep. Others might abuse Dexedrine mainly to get high since the drug can trigger euphoria with:
- Decreased stress
- Improved mood
- Feelings of inflated self-worth
Long-Term Effects of Dexedrine
Long-term use of dextroamphetamine can result in depression and mood changes. Chronic abuse can also lead to psychotic symptoms like paranoia. Actually, the National Institutes of Health or NIH reports that a long-term effect of chronic misuse is psychosis that cannot be distinguished from schizophrenia.
Long-term substance abuse can also lead to numerous issues like:
- Impaired thinking
- Behavioral and mood changes
- Memory problems
- Significant weight loss and malnutrition
- Sleep disturbances
- Tooth decay from dry mouth
- Cardiovascular problems like arrhythmias
- Circulatory problems
Injection use of the substance introduces a total new set of dangers, including serious skin, hepatitis, and HIV infections.
Dexedrine vs. Adderall
Below are the similarities between Dexedrine and Adderall:
- Abuse potential – Both have a high possibility of being abused.
- Drug types – Both are classified as psychostimulants and work by boosting CNS stimulation.
- Efficacy – Both are clinically effective for narcolepsy and ADHD.
- Half-life – Dexedrine half-life is 12 hours while Adderall half-life is between 11-13 hours.
- Legal status – Both are listed as Schedule II drugs.
- Side effects – They have similar side effects.
- Withdrawal – Withdrawal of either drug is difficult, characterized by severe symptoms.
Below are their major differences:
- Duration of effect – Dexedrine elicit effect for 8-10 hours while Adderall elicit effect for up to 12 hours.
- Potency – Dexedrine potency is higher than Adderall because it is 100% dextroamphetamine while Adderall is 75% dextroamphetamine.
- Popularity – Adderall is still the number one psychostimulant on the market.
Dexedrine Addiction Side Effects in Adults
Some of the risks of abusing Dexedrine that can befall adults include heart attack, heart failure, or stroke, blood pressure and dangerously high heart rate, seizures, psychosis, paranoia, and delirium.
Dexedrine Addiction Side Effects Depression
Dexedrine and depression side effects include depressed mood, aggressive outburst, and irritability. These symptoms can occur within a day of missing a dosage.
Dexedrine Addiction – Get Help Today
If you know a person that is addicted to Dexedrine, kindly contact us using our hotline numbers or fill any of the forms we have provided and we will contact you.